Within the EU, biocides are defined as substances or micro-organism that are intended to deter, destroy, render harmless or exert a controlling effect on any harmful organism by chemical or biological means. Biocides are widely used in disinfectants, preservatives and pest control.

Biocides contain one or more active substances. Existing active substances are evaluated in the EU’s review programme and new active substances are evaluated by ECHA’s Biocidal Products Committee. Biocidal products are evaluated in each Member State they are intended to be sold at.

Anyone producing or importing biocides to an EU Member State could, depending on the situation, have several obligations. What these obligations are, depends on the substance and its intended purpose. The obligations can also be handled by a third party representative who is based within the EU.

Some products differ from other biocidal products, such as treated articles or in-situ prepared biocides. Anyone producing or importing biocides to the EU should find out what obligations they have under the BPR.

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